3 million years ago, before the first civilizations were established, the only way to get food was by hunting and gathering. Hunter-gatherers usually would follow where their food went, both vegetation and animals. This was before archaeologists found any ancient tools. Hunting and gathering would be the the main way to aquire food for thousands of years.

There was no notable advancement until evolution picked up around 100,000 years ago. Though we know this much about our ancient ancestors, it’s difficult to learn more about how they lived. 


Hunter-Gatherers and Their Tools.

The tools that hunter-gatherers use can range from relatively simple to quite complicated. Many will use different types of guns, others use bow and arrows, while some may use knives. 

In order to hunt, the hunter must be physically fit and knowledgeable in animal behavior, plant growth, and species of both. Gathering plants also takes extra knowledge of the plants surroundings, plus technical skills along with an emergency survival kit.

Hunting Animals: Methods

There are many laws stating how one may hunt different animals, and even what animals you may hunt. But there are more than rules that make hunting a skillful practice. There are many ways to hunt, for instance: 

Still Hunting

Still hunting is a classic method for tracking larger animals like deer and bears. But, still hunting requires a lot of skill and time, as it can be dangerous. This is done by tracking animals and finding traces. It’s imperative that you walk very cautiously while always keeping an eye out for prey. 

Calling methods can prove helpful while hunting. There are many devices you could use to make the sound of the animal you’re hunting. 

Baiting Method

This is where reviewing your local laws comes in. Baiting is possibly the most well-known way to hunt, but you must make sure the baiting is legal in your area as it’s illegal in some places. 

The method is self-explanatory: place food where you want to attract your prey.

Calling Method

Calling methods can prove helpful while hunting. There are many devices you could use to make the sound of the animal you’re hunting. 


Gathering Wild Plants & Fruits: Methods

The first step to gathering plants is knowing what you can and can’t eat. Before you go, you must know what plants to look for, where they are, and how to use it as food. Popular plants that are safe to eat include various types of green fruits, berries, nuts, and mushrooms. 


Wild mushrooms can be delicious, but can also be deadly if you can’t tell the difference. You should practice with an expert before gathering by yourself, and always carry a field guide with you. Before making a meal with your gatherings, you should try a small amount of mushroom in case you’re allergic. 

Morels are very popular mushrooms that are only found in the wild. They can’t be planted. They grow all over North America during the spring, usually around the ends of the forest, specifically around dead elm trees. Morels are recognized by their brown pointed lids. But as always, beginners must be cautious when picking them. 


Wild green fruits and berries are quite scrumptious, but they’re not as nutritious or filling as wild acorns. You can find them all around North America in the fall. But before you eat them, acorns need to be processed as they’re full of tannins, which are very bitter and can damage your kidneys. 


Fruits like Mulberries are all around North America. They’re quick to gather as you can pick them straight from a bush. 

There are three different types of mulberries:

Red mulberries smell the strongest, black mulberries taste sweet, and white mulberries are mildly acidic with a hint of vanilla. All very different, yet delicious. 


There are dozens of plants we consider weeds that can make delicious and healthy salads. For example, the Stinging Nettle. This plant grows along rivers in damp foresty areas. You must wear protective clothing as their tiny sharp hairs can poke your skin and secrete a formic acid that causes a burning rash. But once the leaves ripen and the stinging hair wilts and falls off, nettles can be a yummy substitute for spinach in soups and stews. 

The Paleo Diet

The Paleolithic Diet is made of foods similar to those available during the Paleolithic period, around 2.5 million to 10,000 years ago. The foods available around this time period were hunted and gathered, such as lean meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. This diet also includes dairy products and cereals. Variants of the Paleo Diet are the Stone Age Diet and the Caveman Diet. 

Hunting and Gathering for food can be a fun hobby, activity, or even a lifestyle. Not to mention, hunting and gathering help you stay fit.